NZ’s main banks saw a decline in mortgage lending demand over the first half of 2020 and expect a further fall in mortgage demand for the rest of the year, according to a new Credit Conditions Survey released by the Reserve Bank (NZ’s regulator of banks and insurers).
The survey started prior to the announcement of lockdown and was completed in the last two weeks of June 2020. It asked 12 New Zealand-registered banks – including the big five (Westpac, BNZ, ASB, ANZ, and KiwiBank) – about their expectations for the second half of the year, and while banks expected increased lending demand for working capital from small and mid-sized businesses and corporates, household lending (for home mortgages) is expected to fall.
The banks reported a drop in demand for mortgage lending over the first half of 2020 and noted that enquiries dropped substantially due to the lockdown. However, some banks reported that enquiries from both owner-occupiers and investors resurfaced in May, though not enough to predict an increased demand over the second half of 2020.
“Banks noted that lower interest rates may support demand, however banks predict the economic impacts of Covid-19 will largely offset this,” the survey stated.
“One bank noted they expect more distressed house sales as government financial assistance packages begin to roll off and the level of unemployment increases. Banks also expect increased unemployment will dampen demand for consumer lending.”
Serviceability is the ability of a borrower to repay the mortgage over the long run, including if things change.
When it comes to mortgage lending standards (that is, standards applied to borrowers such as first home buyers seeking a mortgage), banks expect those to remain “broadly unchanged.” However, “Whilst banks reported no material changes to their serviceability standards, they noted COVID-19 has resulted in greater income uncertainty given the likelihood of higher unemployment and fewer hours worked,” the survey noted. The survey also commented that banks expect to perform more thorough due diligence to assess income and job security, with higher “haircuts” applied to variable income such as allowances, bonuses, commission, and that from boarders/flatmates or Airbnb included in servicing assessments.
Most banks still reported not being particularly keen to lend to high-LVR borrowers despite the recent (temporary) removal of LVR restrictions.
The bottom line
There are plenty of property and mortgage-related predictions flying around right now, which is mainly due to the uncertainty of the overall situation. As the survey shows, the banks are potentially applying more rigid standards to assess applications for new borrowing.
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